Temples had been probably the most outstanding and extensively used constructing sort in Historical Greece. Within the sixth century BC, the primary stone temples had been constructed. They continued to be well-liked within the following century. A Greek temple’s objective was to retailer an emblem or cult statue. The temple was not a spot the place folks might worship. Large columns are maybe probably the most distinctive function of the Greek temple. Three varieties of columns had been utilized by the Greeks: Ionic, Corinthian and Doric.
Here is a listing of a few of the most well-known Greek temples that may be discovered everywhere in the Mediterranean.
It isn’t troublesome to see that the Temple of Olympia Zeus was one enormous temple, regardless that solely a handful of columns are left. The development of this temple started through the Athenian rulers in 6 BC. Nevertheless, it wasn’t accomplished till Hadrian, the Roman Emperor, in 2100 AD, 638 years later.
The Temple of Poseidon is positioned at Sounion, Greece’s southernmost level of Attica. It’s bordered on all three sides by water. The development came about within the yr. It was constructed over the stays of an Archaic Interval temple. In the present day, only some columns of Temple of Poseidon stay, however it’s doable that the Temple of Hephaestus underneath the Acropolis would have been intact.
Cyrene, one in all 5 Greek colonies positioned in modern-day Libya was thought of probably the most vital. The Temple of Zeus is positioned excessive above the remainder of the town. It dates again to the Fifth Century BC. The Temple of Zeus was broken within the Jewish revolt in 115AD. It was rebuilt 5 years later, by Romans at Emperor Hadrian’s request. The temple was destroyed by an earthquake in 365 AD. It wasn’t rebuilt till at present by British and Italian archaeologists. The temple is far bigger than that of the Parthenon and is a testomony to the significance Cyrene performed in historic Greek historical past.
On the Acropolis in Athens’ north facet, you can see the Erechtheum. It’s an Ionic-style historic Greek temple. It was constructed between 421 BC and 407 BC. Popularly, the temple’s title is from Erichthonius, a shrine to him. Most well-known is the distinctive porch that was supported by six ladies often known as Caryatids.
The Temple of Apollo Epicurius is an uncommon and well-preserved Greek temple. It is positioned on the Peloponnese mountainside. The temple was constructed between 450-400 BC. It’s positioned north-south in distinction to most Greek temples, which align east-west. It’s distinctive in having examples from all three classical Greek orders. The peristyle is shaped by Doric columns, whereas Ionic columns assist and have the porch. Corinthian columns are featured within the inside. To guard the temple of Apollo Epicurius from any outdoors components, a tent is at present protecting it.
Segesta, positioned in Sicily’s northwestern area, was one in all three main cities for the Elymian Folks, which is without doubt one of the three native peoples of Sicily. Segesta’s inhabitants was a combination of Elymian-Greek, however the Elymians shortly Hellenized their tradition and adopted exterior Greek traits. It’s doable to see the Doric temple, which lies outdoors of this historic web site. The temple was constructed within the Fifth century BC. It has 6×14 Doric columns. Many issues point out that the temple wasn’t completed. It appears that evidently the Doric columns should not fluted like they’d usually be and there’s no roof on the temple’s fundamental chamber.
Paestum, an historic Greco-Roman city in Southern Italy will not be removed from the coast. Three well-preserved Greek temples might be discovered on the facet. Paestum’s oldest temple is the Temple of Hera. It was constructed by Greek colonists round 550 BC. One other temple, positioned close by, was constructed about 100 years later. It was devoted to Hera (the goddess of childbirth and marriage). The Temple of Athena, constructed round 500 BC in a close-by location can also be positioned.
The Temple of Hephaestus, positioned about 500m north-west of Acropolis is without doubt one of the most well-preserved Greek temples on the earth. It is usually much less well-known than its extra famed neighbor. It was constructed in Fifth Century BC, in an space that had many metalwork retailers and foundries. Hephaestos was the temple’s god. Ictinus designed the Temple of Hephaestus. He was additionally one of many architects accountable for the Parthenon.
Seven temples from Greece, often known as the Valley of the Temples, are discovered on the ridge simply outdoors the Sicilian metropolis of Agrigento. Inbuilt Fifth-century BC, the Temple of Concordia is probably the most nicely preserved temple within the Valley. It is usually one of many oldest and most preserved Doric kinds. They measure 7 meters excessive (22 toes tall) with the capitals, and are 1.3 meters in diameter (4.5 toes on the base). The Temple of Juno was used to rejoice weddings. There’s additionally the Temple of Heracles which, at current, consists of eight columns.
Certainly one of Greece’s most well-known vacationer points of interest, the Parthenon is positioned on the Acropolis. A go to to Athens wouldn’t be full with out seeing this temple. Development of the Parthenon started in 447 BC. It changed an older temple destroyed by the Persians and was accomplished in 432 BC. Parthenon housed an enormous statue of Athena Parthenos, product of ivory, gold and silver. The statue was stolen by one the Roman Emperors within the fifth century and delivered to Constantinople the place it was destroyed. The Parthenon served many functions over its life, together with as a citadel, church, mosque, and powder journal.
the Periclean Parthenon of Athens
The Parthenon, the Temple to the Goddess Athena on the Acropolis in Athens, is referred to by many as the top of historic Greek structure.
The Greeks made necessary contributions to philosophy, arithmetic, astronomy, and drugs. Literature and theatre was an necessary facet of Greek tradition and influenced trendy drama. The Greeks had been recognized for his or her subtle sculpture and structure.
– Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens.
– Parthenon, Acropolis.
– Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Acropolis.
– Temple of Hera, Olympia.
– Temple of Artemis, Corfu.
– The Nice Theater of Epidaurus.
– Temple of Apollo, Delphi.
– Stoa of Attalos, Agora.
The Parthenon on prime of the Acropolis is without doubt one of the hottest vacationer points of interest in Greece and a go to to Athens will not be full with out visiting this temple. The development of the Parthenon began in in 447 BC, changing and older temple that was destroyed by the Persians, and accomplished in 432 BC.16-Jan-2022
Temples had been probably the most outstanding and extensively used constructing sort in Historical Greece. They continued to be well-liked within the following century. A Greek temple’s objective was to retailer an emblem or cult statue. The temple was not a spot the place folks might worship. Large columns are maybe probably the most distinctive function of the